Smail, J. Kenneth. "Beyond Population Stabilization: The Case for Dramatically Reducing Global Human Numbers." Politics and the Life Sciences 16, 2 (September, 1997):183-92.[Sixteen commentaries and author response, pp. 193-236]
Abstract. There is a growing tension between two apparently irreconcilable trends: (1) demographic projections that world population size will reach 10 to 11 billion by the middle of the next century; and (2) scientific estimates that the Earth's long-term sustainable carrying capacity (at an "adequate to comfortable" standard of living) may not be much greater than 2 to 3 billion. It is past time to develop internationally coordinated sociopolitical initiatives that go beyond slowing the growth or stabilizing global human numbers. After "inescapable realities" that humans must soon confront, and notwithstanding the considerable difficulties involved in establishing "global population optimums," I conclude with several suggestions how best to bring about a very significant reduction in global population size over the next two to three centuries. These proposals are cautiously optimistic.
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